Cyclamen pseudibericum

Description

Flowers appear in spring, in the wild from March to May, pinkish purple to darker magenta, paler pink and even white forms are known, strongly sweet scented. The corolla lobes are reflexed, 20-25mm long, with pointed tips, generally 90 degrees twist, without auricles at the base. There is an ‘Ace of Spades’ shaped magenta blotch at the base of each corolla lobe, with a white zone at the mouth of the corolla.

Leaves appear in late autumn, basically oval, sometimes longer than wide, often scallop edged, generally with a central dark green triangle surrounded by a paler green, grey green or silver zone, becoming darker green again toward the leaf edges, underside reddish purple, 2-8cm long, 2-9cm wide.

Tuber

Tuber a compressed sphere, medium sized when mature, up to 7cm diameter, brown, smooth, becoming rough with age, branching thin (1mm) diameter roots arise from the underside.

Distribution

Cyclamen pseudibericum grows on the Amanus and Anti-Taurus mountains at the northeast corner of the Mediterranean, in the Turkish provinces of Adana, Gaziantep, Hatay, Kharamanmaras and Osmaniye.

Habitat

Cyclamen pseudibericum grows in moist deciduous woodland of oak, beech and hop-hornbeam, occasionally open pine forest or among shaded rocks, from 500-1650m, in an area with higher rainfall than the surrounding areas of Turkey and Syria which restricts its distribution. It grows on limestone, schist and sandstone rocks, generally on mineral soils often rich in organic matter and covered with a deep layer of moisture retentive leaf mould.

Cultivation

Cyclamen pseudibericum is hardy but tends to be cultivated as a pot plant in a cool greenhouse in northwest Europe, rather than in the garden, because it is not as widely available as C. coum and C. hederifolium. The area of distribution has a moister summer than is usual for the Mediterranean, so cultivated plants may grow better if not allowed to fully dry out during the summer. C. pseudibericum is related to C. cyprium and C. libanoticum. In cultivation, C. pseudibericum has hybridised with C. libanoticum (C. x schwarzii).


Cyclamen pseudibericum forma roseum CSE02010T a
floriferous pale flowered form near Uzunkuyu in the
Seyhan Valley, Adana Province, Turkey.


Cyclamen pseudibericum forma roseum CSE02011T a
very pale flowered form near Uzunkuyu in the Seyhan
Valley, Adana Province, Turkey.

Cyclamen pseudibericum forma roseum

The Albury-Cheese-Watson collection ACW664 in 1966 contained several plants with attractive pale to mid rose-pink flowers with a darker basal blotch. These flowers were far lighter and distinctly different from the more usual and typical rich magenta or purple shades. Subsequent collections including those by the Cyclamen Society in 2002 have brought other examples into cultivation.

The paler flower forms have been formerly described as C. pseudibericum forma roseum by Christopher Grey-Wilson (1997).



Cyclamen pseudibericum forma candidum
cultivar ‘White hope’


Cyclamen pseudibericum
forma candidum flower detail

Cyclamen pseudibericum forma candidum

An entirely white-flowered form, unrecorded in nature but produced in cultivation by crossing and back crossing the palest flowered forms until a pure white flower was achieved. Described as Cyclamen pseudibericum forma candidum by Brian Mathew. See cultivar ‘White Hope’.